ICIC 2023 Venue & Tour

Zhengzhou Impression

   Zhengzhou, the Henan Province provincial capital, is the Chinese important interior open city and the historical city. North Zhengzhou is near Yellow river, south depends on Mt. Songshan, west neighbour 13 dynasty ancient capital Luoyang, east neighbour seven dynasty ancient capital Kaifeng, south neighbour Three Kingdom era cao wei former capital Xuchang, Zhengzhou is in itself also Chinese one of eight big ancient capitals.

   Zhengzhou is situated at the area south of Yellow River center, "towers the main center, breaks in horses important", for the national important transportation, the communication and the energy key position, is on the new Asian-European land bridge important city, is also an emerging modernized metropolis. Henan is a source of ancient civilization. It holds a very important position in Chinese history. The place of interest here is Shaolin Temple, Mount Songshan, Song Mausoleum, The Yellow River Scenic Area, Longmen Grottos, White Horse Temple, Museum of Ancient Tombs and so on.

   Shaolin Temple was established in 495A.D. at the western foot of Songshan Mountain, 13 kilometers northwest to Dengfeng City, Henan Province. The then Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei dynasty (386-557) had the temple built to accommodate the Indian master Batuo (Buddhabhadra). Shaolin Temple literally means ˇ°temple in the thick forests of Shaoshi Mountainˇ±.

      Mount Songshan is located in Dengfeng County, Henan. The highest peak is 1440m. It got its fame from being the place where the Indian monk Batuo founded the Shaolin temple in 495 B.C. Few years later in 527 A.D. another Indian monk, Damo (or Bodhidharma) moved to the temple to teach the Chan sect of Buddhism, best known as Zen Buddhism (Zen is the way Japaneses read the Chinese ideogram for Chan). Buddhism was been already introduced in China during the first century B.C., but the many cultural differences between India and China made the strict Hinayana form to be not well accepted. The Chan version was instead more adapt to the Chinese culture and became rapidly the most influential Buddhist school in China.

     The Longmen Grottos are on the Yihe River bank, some 12 kilometers from ancient Luoyang city, about 30 minutes' drive. It is one of the three most important Buddhist sculptures and carvings in China. The Longmen Grottos enjoy a good location where two mountains confront each other between which flows the Yihe River. The grotto was first carved in North Wei Dynasty, over 1500 years ago and expanded through the succeeding East and West Wei Dynasties, North Qi Dynasty, North Zhou Dynasty, Sui and Tang Dynasties and was finally completed in North Song Dynasty. Over 500 years' renovation and expansion has created the prestigious world cultural site. The most significant chiseling activities happened in the Tang and North Wei Dynasties, which lasted over 150 years.

    In terms of geographical location, the magnificence of the carvings Longmen Grotto ranks the first among the three most significant Buddhism sculptures (Longmen, Dunhuang Grotto in Dunhuan, Gansu province in northwest China and Yungang Grotto in Shaanxi province).

     Yinxu, the ruins of the last capital of China's Shang Dynasty (1766 BC - 1050 BC), is one of the oldest and largest archaeological sites in China and is one of the Historical capitals of China and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located near the modern city of Anyang; just about two hours drive from Zhengzhou city. Yin, or rather, Yinxu, is now partly buried beneath the city of Xiaotun, which is a small village located on the northwestern outskirts of the city of An'yang, in the part of present-day Henan Province that neighbors Hubei and Shanxi Provinces to the north. More than just the usual set of stone foundations that mark a forgotten city, Yinxu has yielded up a plethora of fascinating archeological artifacts, including palatial buildings, complete tombs, and written records in the form of so-called oracle bones, or large pieces of cracked bone or turtle shell which were heated and cracked during divination and on which were then inscribed ¨C in a unique script that is the precursor to the Chinese character script ¨C the record of the divination. Beyond that, there are so many beautiful scenes which cannot be listed here. Welcome to Zhengzhou!