ICIC 2022 Venue & Tour

Xi'an Impression

   Xi'an is the capital of Shanxi province in China and a sub-provincial city. As one of the most important cities in Chinese history, Xi'an is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China for it has been the capital of 13 dynasties, including the Zhou, Qin, Han, and the Tang. Xi'an is also renowned for being the eastern terminus of the Silk Road and for the location of the Terracotta Army from Qin Dynasty. The city has more than 3,100 years of history. It was called Chang'an in ancient times.

   Xi'an is the best tourist destination in China and one of the cities with the best international image in China. Since 1990s, as part of the economic revival ofinterior China, especially the central and northwest regions, in addition to a history of manufacturing and solid industrial establishments, Xi'an has become an important cultural,industrial and educational center of the central-northwest region,with facilities for research and development, national security and China's space exploration program.

   Tang Huaqing Palace is the palace of the Tang Dynasty's feudal emperors. Later, it is also called "Hua Qingchi", located in Linyi District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. Including the original Lushan National Forest Park, and the Summer Palace, Yuanmingyuan, Chengde Mountain Resort and the four royal gardens of China. Huaqing Palace is built on the back of the mountain, and it is built on the foothills of the mountain. The scale is grand and the building is magnificent. The first name was "Tangquan Palace" and later renamed the Hot Spring Palace. Tang Xuanzong changed the Qing Palace, because it was in Lushan Mountain, also known as Lushan Palace, also known as the Gong Palace and the Xiuling Palace.

      The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is located in the Dacien Temple of Jinchangfang, Chang'an City, Tang Dynasty, also known as the "Cien Temple Pagoda". In the three years of Tang Yonghui (652), Xuanzang presided over the construction of the Goose Pagoda for the preservation of the scroll Buddha statues brought back to Chang'an by Tianzhu through the Silk Road. The first five stories were added to the ninth stories, then the number and height of the seven stories were changed several times.Finally, they were fixed to the seven-story pagodas seen today, with a height of 64.517 meters and a bottom edge length of 25.5 meters.

     The Terracotta Warriors and Horses is the most significant historical and cultural site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum in Lintong, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13, Qin Shi Huang, later the first Emperor of all China, had begun to work for his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life. The terracotta figures are life-sized. They vary in height, uniform, and hairstyle in accordance with rank. Most originally held real weapons such as spears, swords, or crossbows. Originally, the figures were also painted with bright pigments variously colored pink, red, green, blue, black, brown, white and lilac, and armed with weapons. Most of the weapons have rotted away, while the color coating flaked off or greatly faded.

    The terracotta army figures were manufactured in workshops by government laborers and local craftsmen using local materials. Heads, arms, legs, and torsos were created separately and then assembled by luting the pieces together. The faces were created using molds, and at least ten face molds may have been used. Clay was then added after assembly to provide individual facial features to make each figure appear different. Some of these weapons, such as the swords, are sharp and were coated with a 10-15 micrometer layer of chromium dioxide that kept the swords rust-free for 2,000 years. The swords contain an alloy of copper, tin, and other elements including nickel, magnesium, and cobalt. Some carry inscriptions that date their manufacture to between 245 and 228 BC.

     Xi'an used to be the capital city of China for 13 dynasties, so itĄŻs rich in history and culture. Terracotta Army is a must-see historic site, and it is located in Lintong District. You can also visit the tomb of the The First Emperor, and Lishan Mountains there. And there are several places you should go and visit in central XiĄŻan. You can visit the Bell Tower, the Drum Tower, the Muslim Quarter and the City Wall. You can go up on the City Wall and enjoy the nice view there. There are the Giant Wild Goose Pagodas, Tang Paradise and Shaanxi History Museum in Qujiang District in the south. Beyond that, there are so many beautiful scenes which cannot be listed here. Welcome to Xi'an!